1. Spanish for “BULLMONKEY”, an accretion of Michael’s Western (Taurus) and Chinese (Earth Monkey) signs.
1a. Any person born in late March or most of April in a year which is a multiple of 12 from 1980.
1b. The name of Michael’s previous company, logo on the left.
The only funny part is the world “Toromono” does not seem to have ever been used in Spanish according to Google.
2. An actual thing. Monkeys that ride bulls in Latin America. Which makes it even odder that there is no Spanish word in use for “bullmonkey”. See the photos on the left. No kidding – there are even more than this many online.
3. An unknown god that appears in the images on left, a mix of a bull and a monkey.
4. Toromono is also the name of the language of an obscure indigenous tribe in Bolivia. This is in their language, not in Spanish, so does not mean “bullmonkey.” There were about 200 Toromona people in the 1980s, which is the last time they have been confirmed to exist.
Toromona is an Indian tribe in South America, which belongs to the group of uncontacted people. No one has ever contacted this tribe. During the Spanish colonization, Spaniards did not have much luck to settle down in the area of the Amazon, where their main goal was to find a secret place called Paititi – an alleged hiding place of the Incas’ biggest treasures, which the Incas concealed from the Spaniards. There are some historical records that confirm that the Incas sealed subterranean tunnels in ritual ceremonies. Father Miguel Cavello Balboa wrote about one such a city of gold, and he described Paititi as place protected by warrior women; he also mentioned the Toromona tribe with notes that it had not had any mercy in killing. A Norwegian biologist, Lars Hafskjold, searched exhaustively for this ethnic group and became quite famous by his disappearance somewhere in the region of the Madidi Park.
The Madidi National Park
One of the most attractive and arcane natural parks is the Madidi National Park, which was established on September 21, 1995. It covers the area of almost 19,000 km2 and it is on the Bolivian-Peruan border in Latin America. There is not even a full list of the flora and fauna in the area, as this place has been explored only a little until now.
The National Geographic Journal classifies this area as “the reservation with the richest biodiversity in the world”. The population consists of various groups, of the uncontacted people, too. In our history, Indians were abused by the influx of white settlers, who made slaves of them, and this is the dark side of the Latin America’s history, but in North America it was not much too better. Many Indian tribes experienced their worst times particularly in the period of the so-called “rubber industry”, when white migrants massacred them often.
During the age when South America was first explored, some historians studied various native tribes that had never come into contact with the white culture. One of such tribes is the alleged Toromona group of people. During colonization, Spaniards did not have much luck to settle down in the area of the Amazon, where their main goal was to find a secret place called Paititi – an alleged hiding place of the Incas’ biggest treasures, which the Incas concealed from Spaniards. There are also some historical records that confirm the fact that the Incas sealed subterranean tunnels in ritual ceremonies.
Toromona Indians contacted the white civilization only in battle. It is known that they supported the Incas and there are historical records about this tribe, albeit it has never been found. One of their chieftains became famous in a battle against Spaniards and records say that his name was Tarano.
Sometimes in the 20th century, Protestant missionaries observed, during their flight above the Amazon area, an isolated group of Indians somewhere near the Madre de Dios River and they came to a conclusion that it could be these Toromona people. However, later – after making a personal contact with them – they identified them as quite a different group (Araona), the number of which is about one hundred and they live in vulnerable conditions; however, they linguistically belong to the same group as the Toromona tribe.
Cordillera Apolobamba is probably the least explored area in the Andes. It is the line of hills – cordillera, the highest peak of which is Chaupi Orco with height of 6044 m above the sea. Many people consider this particular part of the Andes to be a place where El Dorado or Paititi can be found. Apolobamba has a unique eco environment with unknown species of fauna and flora. Father Miguel Cavello Balboa wrote about one such a city of gold and he described Paititi as place protected by warrior women; he also mentioned the Toromona tribe with notes that it did not have any mercy in killing.
A route from La Paz (capitol of Bolivia) to Pelechuca (a little city in the heart of Apolobamba) takes about 14 hours by bus and civilized people seldom visit such a wild region. This is certainly one of the reasons why this area is known only so little. Apolobamba ends with the Amazon forest on its eastern side; many people died here, as they thought that a way to the legendary “lost city” must have started here somewhere. The Madre de Dios forest starts here, too; in translation it is the Mother (Madre) of (de) God (Dios).
A well-known British traveler Percy Fawcett made several expeditions to the Amazon including the region of Apolobamba; in 1914 he met with one Indian tribe called Maxubis in the region of Mato Grosso (Brazil). These people were sun worshippers.
We can speak about two types of the “alienated” Indian or native tribes – 1) the isolated and 2) the uncontacted ones. Whereabouts of the isolated ones are known, but they refuse to come into contact with us. Albeit there may be some information about the uncontacted ones, the contact has never been established. The word “contact” is important to understand here, as it means more than just one meeting with a member of the majority race. For example, among the uncontacted is the Toromona tribe, but also Huaorani or Tagaeri, though the existence of the Toromona people requires an independent confirmation.
On January 18, 2007, FUNAI (Fundaçao Nacional do Indio), which is a Brazil’s national institute for protection of Indians, confirmed the presence of 67 tribes as the uncontacted ones, while in the year 2005 FUNAI reported only the number of 40.
Albeit the Norwegian biologists Lars Hafskjold, who searched exhaustingly for this ethnic group (Toromona), became quite famous by his disappearance (1997), we still have no information about the existence of the Toromona tribe.
5. An Iranian Bullmonkey is something very different. It also known as an Iranian Ball Gog. We can’t find a picture of it anywhere… Check it out!